ملخص بالانجليزي عن تاريخ ايران في عهد احمد شاه قاجار 1909-1925م
After this modest effort, it is clear for me that the Arabic writings about this subject, including some university theses, do not express scientifically all the events happened in Iran during the research period. The reason of that seems to be ideologizing the historical studies in the Arab Homeland first, and adopting the English sources in the Arabic studies second, without deeply awareness of the Persian studies that express the viewpoint of the Iranian street and the political attitudes of the conflicting studies, besides intentional negligence of the clergymen's role on the parts of the researchers so as not to give this social Shari'o any role for fear that the Arabic street would be affected
The study showed that the political events Iran passed through during the reign of Ahmad Shah were of the most complex and difficult the country witnessed due to the dilapidations of the constitutional parliamentary movement that left its effects on the reality of Iranian political scene, especially that the clergymen class was the cornerstone of its events. The effect of the constitutional movement has extended to all the peoples of Middle East such as Iraq, Egypt and India after the end of the First World War, in particular. There happened so many revolutions and uprisings in different parts of the Islamic world
The events Iran passed through showed that it has become a strategic center for the capital world after October Revolution in Rusia in 1917 as it became later an exploration station on the communist world as a whole, especially when oil entered as a main factor in establishing the international relations after the end of the First world War, and the American companies entered the competition field with Britain.
In spite of the dominance of the Islamic thought on the moves of the Iranian street in general, the study period is considered the one in which the national trends jut out in Iran. This can be seen in the moves of the nationalities Iranian state includes such as the Kurds and the Turcoman, and the attempt of each nationality to establish its own political entity.
Through telling the political events in Iran, it is clear that the British have played a great role in the developments of the internal events in Iran. This interference continued till the fall of the state of Bahlavi though the United States and the Soviet Union have entered as two active elements in the Iranian political scene. Britain was not supporting the separatist movements and the tribal forces so as to be independent and to establish its own political entity as far as it wants to make it a center to compel the central government, or rather the religious academy that was calling to the total independence and establishing a constitutional system.
The Iranian press have a role in stocking the Iranian internal situation as it represent one partisan or ethnic trend. This gives some freedom of speech till Riza Shah entered the political field of work, persecuting the freedom of the mass-media thought of the Iranian internal development, The most prominent political results is the fall of Qajar state due to the accumulation of the events and the effective interference of army in the political life to save the country from the tragic declining situation, aiming at achieving as possible as they could of urban and military welfare, threatening at the same time all the Iranian groups and social class, especially when the Shah was near to sink in frailty and weakness described in the British and Iranian documents as being degrading to the pit as a result of his repeated and illegal travels to Europe, and this created a justification to announce the depose of Qajar family and the reign of Bahlavi family and its founder Ridha Shah Bahlavi in 1925.
الدكتور احمد شاكر العلاق - جامعة الكوفة - كلية الاداب - قسم التاريخhttp://www.facebook.com\D.ahmedalalaq
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