The terrorist Sajida Mubarak Atrous
Sajida Mubarak Atrous al-Rishawi born 1965 is a failed suicide bomber. She has been convicted in the November 9, 2005 Amman bombings in Jordan but survived when her explosive belt failed to detonate. al-Qaida in Iraq claimed responsibility for the triple bombings that hit three hotels near simultaneously and said the attack happened because the hotels were frequented by Israelis and Western tourists.
She and her husband Ali Hussein Ali al-Shamari are thought to be Iraqi citizens and had Iraq accents. According to her confession they traveled into Jordan about 5 days before the bombings on forged passports. She along with her husband entered the the Amman Radisson Hotel ballroom during a wedding. When she had trouble detonating her suicide belt her husband pushed her out of the room before detonating a bomb that killed 38 people.
al-Rishawi was later captured by Jordanian authorities and confessed on national television. She was shown making a videotaped confession with an apparent suicide bomb device around her and a detonator in hand showing that the device failed to explode, but later retracted her confession.
She was sentenced to death by hanging by a Jordanian military court on 21 September 2006 She appealed against this conviction but her appeal was dismissed in January 2007. As of 4 October 2010, she was in the process of appeal of her sentence
al-Rishawi is reportedly the sister of a former close aide of deceased al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. Some reports name her brother as Mubarak Atrous al-Rishawi who was killed by US forces on Iraq. al-Qaida in Iraq is now known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
On 24 January 2015, ISIL offered to trade Japanese hostage Kenji Goto for Sajida al-Rishawi.
Isis are reported to have demanded the release of an Iraqi woman detained in Jordan in exchange for a Japanese hostage they have captured.
Sajida Mubarak Atrous al-Rishawi, who is in her 40s, is a failed suicide bomber who conspired with her husband to wear bomb belts packed with ball bearings to destruct themselves and others at a wedding reception in the Radisson SAS hotel in the Jordanian capital city of Amman in November 2005.
The family of the Japanese hostage Kenji Goto Jogo received an audio message, which purportedly hears him saying that he will not be killed if al-Rishawi is released by Jordanian authorities. A photo released alongside the recording claimed to show that his "cellmate" Haruna Yakuwa, another Japanese national, had been decapitated by Isis.
It says: "I would like to stress how easy it is to save my life, you bring them their sister from the Jordanian regime and I will be released immediately. Me for her
The 2005 Amman attack was one of three at separate hotels that killed a total of 60 people. Thirty-eight people died in the Raddisson SAS attack after al-Rishawi and her husband Ali Hussein Ali al-Shamari, who was also from Iraq, travelled to the country around five days before with forged passports.
When her husband noticed that his wife was having trouble with detonating her bomb with the cord, he "pushed her out of the ballroom" before setting off his belt and killing scores of people, said the then-deputy prime minister of Jordan, Marwan Muasher.
Al-Rishawi said in an apparent confession on Jordanian TV: "My husband executed the attack. I tried to detonate and it failed.
"I left. People started running and I started running with them."
Al-Rishawi was sentenced to death following her confession, which she later retracted. She appealed her sentence and is still being detained in Jordan.
Following the threats on Mr Jogo and Mr Yukawa's lives earlier this week, the Japanese government set up a headquarters for negotiating their release in Jordan, with Japan's vice foreign minister Yasuhide Nakaya travelling to the Gulf state to meet with Jordan's King Abdullah.
Al-Rishawi is also believed to be the sister of Mubarak Atrous al-Rishawi who was killed by US forces and is said to be an ally to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, a Jordanian-born fugitive believed to run the al-Qaeda in Iraq militant group, from which Isis (also know as Islamic State) is thought to have formed.
"On November 5, I accompanied my husband to Jordan with a forged Iraqi passport, under the name of Ali Hussein Ali and Sajida Abdel Qader Latif. We waited and a white car arrived with a driver and a passenger. We rode with them and entered Jordan (from Iraq). My husband arranged our trip from there, I don't know.
"In Jordan, we rented an apartment. He had two explosive belts. He put one on me and wore the other. He taught me how to use it, how to pull the [primer cord] and operate it.
"He said it was to attack hotels in Jordan. We rented a car and entered the hotel on November 9. My husband and I went inside the hotel, he went to one corner and I went to another.
"There was a wedding with children, women and men inside. My husband detonated [his bomb], I tried to explode [my belt] but it wouldn't. People fled and I ran with them."
Al-Qaeda in Iraq has claimed responsibility for the hotel attacks.
Jordan is at the forefront of the war against terror and this tragic incident has only bolstered our resolve
Ibrahim, Amman, Jordan
Amman blasts: Your reaction
The three dead bombers have been identified as Ali Hussein Ali al-Shamari, from Anbar province, Rawad Jassem Mohammed Abed, 23, and Safaa Mohammed Ali, 23.
Mrs Rishawi, 35, was married to Shamari.
Earlier this week, an internet statement attributed to al-Qaeda in Iraq named four bombers it said had carried out the Amman attacks, naming them as Abu Khabib, Abu Muaz, Abu Omaira and Om Omaira.
Speaking at a news conference, Jordanian Deputy Prime Minister Marwan Muasher showed reporters photographs of a suicide bomb belt packed with ball bearings that the would-be bomber was said to have been wearing at the time of the attacks.
Jordanian TV also showed pictures of a bomb trigger.
According to the televised confession, Mrs Rishawi arrived in Jordan with her husband on forged passports four days before the bombings.
The alleged bomb is shown off on Jordanian TV
Two other people accompanied them into the country, after picking them up in a car in Iraq.
"My husband organised it," she said.
"In Jordan we rented a flat. He had two explosive belts. He put one on me and he wore one himself and showed me how to use it. He said we are attacking hotels in Jordan."
The woman is also believed to be the sister of a key aide to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the Jordanian-born fugitive believed to run the al-Qaeda in Iraq militant group.
The aide, Mubarak Atrous Rishawi, was killed by US forces in the Sunni insurgent stronghold of Falluja.
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