]]>
خواطر :
الحياة فصول .. جلوسنا لدقائق , لا يعني إحتوائها تماما هي دقائق نتأملها ..لا غير.   (طيف امرأه) . شوهدت ذئاب على أطراف الوديان في فرائس تتحينُ ...مرت عليها البهائم وهي تتعجب... ردت الذئاب على البهائم ، لما العجبُ لولا الفرائسُ لما وُجدت الذئابُ...   (بلقسام حمدان العربي الإدريسي) . 

Tattoo /qusay tariq

بواسطة: قصي طارق qusay tariq  |  بتاريخ: 2013-05-01 ، الوقت: 23:06:24
  • تقييم المقالة:

 

 

 

ALDYEK and WCHEAM(English: Tattoo) is an art thatis developing afixedmarkinthebodyandinsertsaneedlethenputtheskinpigmentthroughthese openingsandcutsto staywithintheskindoesnotgo away. Thetattooonthehumanbodyas a kind ofphysicalmodificationanddecoration, while the animalismorecommonandwill beforthepurposesofidentification orthe owner ofthe animal.

 

 

 

 

Became flesh - as it was since the Renaissance (in particular) - occupies an important position within the interests of creators, critics and analysts in various areas of creativity: theater, dance, forming ...On the basis of the extreme importance of this issue was we decided to digging into the mysteries of the body in the visual and conceptual show some peculiarities in the formation of creative works of art .. There unite communities between the body and its owner and its environment, and between him and his community, in the form of formats distinguishes the type of work and there are societies distinguish between the body and the owner and his community, according to its uniqueness and prestige and

 

 

 

 

special talents.

In primitive societies, humans have been recluse even with assets of around with plants and trees, water and animals, it was not the body recognizes as a form or substance isolated from the world, equal is with nature and identical with, Viimsi body has no end, no boundaries between the world of the living and the dead, Death case cases of switching to another existence, and can replace human in an animal or a tree or a bird. And no human only through individual, it derives its existence from his relationship with others and with all the assets around him and draws his energy and strength of which, was, including the Association of blood and spirit.In the world of thetribewasisolatedoruniqueaboutthem, expose himself toconsumed, itderives its strength fromtheTribesystem.Has these forms ofautismfoundheavilyin the arts ofthe ancient Near EastCalvinAssyrian andPharaonic, artsArameans, no one forgetslionwingedwith aman ininheritanceAssyrian, and do not forgetblendinginfeesand sculpturesof the pharaohs,ifyou seethe headfalcongodon the body ofa human, or human headonthe body of sphinxes, or headers Ramsand jackalson the bodies ofmankind, andmany examplesare alldedicated tothisautismbetweenthe human bodyand theassetsof nature andliving thingsaround it,add toitin thecivilizations ofthe Middlethere wasdevotedtoforms ofautismbetween the bodyand societywithin theformatsand combinations,ifyou look at thenumber of peasantsancient Egyptianson the walls oftemplesyou seegroupsmonolithsomenext to somevery similar intheir movement andHjovernmaand clothes, andthesame movementsand rituals ofharvestor makevows,and look at theshepherdsand their herdsfind the samemechanism of thisregulation andthe lineupinthe human elementsinherds.

 

 

 

 

 

Perhaps the most science expressive closest appearances external things are phenomenology, which focused on the flesh in terms of mind envelope material for ourselves and evidence to ensure our presence in the world, and that the theory of the social contract that emerged and developed in the seventeenth century (theory based on the principle of equality between individuals and their participation in Free productionsystem socio - political) liberated rights of itself and became a master of his body and his abilities after the Squires exercising absolute dominance and directly on the bodies of the serfs and have the right of life and death.

 

 

 

It has been recognized that freedom, especially after the emergence of the concept of civil society at the hands of both Spinoza and Rousseau, and lock this concept, which played a key role in the liberation of the bodies that have become like objects that studies conducted by sports and physical tests ..The liberal economic outlook in turn has supported this concept by focusing on the human body free production capacity.

The literary andphilosophicalresearchthat dealt withthelessonandanalysis, "the body" andtheproblematicissue..They aremanyrecallfromtwoexperimentsMichel Foucault: In his book"surveillance andpunishment-1975"highlighted some of therepressivemeasuresandpracticed by someauthoritarianregimesonthebodyto force him toapproachaparticularbehavior(peaceful complianceanddiscipline). Whilewe find in thebook:"The HistoryofMadness inCovenantClassical-1961" Crazydescribeshisbodysothatcomesin violation of thefamiliarthings, orsothathis bodyisnolongerproductive..

 

 

 

 

The tattoohasexistedforseveral centuries inallpartsoftheworld.Ainu, theindigenousinhabitantsof Japan, who wereinthetattoofacesas a kind ofcustoms and traditions.Currently,tattootraderwhenAmazighandAltamazga(the North Africa), andwhentheMaoriinNewZealand, andHausainnorthernNigeria, and the Arabs in eastern Turkey, and Bedouinsin Syria andwhenAlotayalinTaiwan withfacialtattoos. The tattooiswidespreadamongPolynesianpeoples, andatacertaintribal groupsin Taiwan, the Philippines, Borneo, MentawaiIslands, Africa, South America, North America, Central America, Europe, Japan, Cambodia, NewZealandandMicronesia. Despite sometaboossurroundingtattooing, butthis artisstillhugely popularin various regionsof the world.

 

 

 

A tattoo is exerciseOrasanandat least sinceNeolithicabout.Mummy Ottza, which date back to the eracopper, or about the year3400BC,have been foundin the Valley ofUtzin the Alps andbynearly57tattoocarbonconsists ofpoints andsimple linesof the spinebottom,behind theleft kneeandright ankle. It is believedthatthese tattooswerea form oftreatment because ofitsposition, whichresembleacupuncture. Themummywasdiscoveredbearingtattoosanddatingbackto the end ofthe second millennium BC, such as mummyAmonatinancient Egypt andmummyBazerekinplateauOcoq.

Teuton pre-ChristianCeltsandthe tribes ofcentralandnorthernEurope,other, theyAohmonthedramatically.WasAllbecktsthefamoustattooed(or scratching) hasdevelopedapigmentplanttagdark-blue (or possiblycopperforblue color).JuliusCaesardescribedthesetattoosinhisbook"The wars ofthe Greeks.

 Tattoo workin the Western worldrootsinPolneziaofbyexplorersinthe eighteenth century.This habithas becomecommonamongPolynesiansailorsEuropeans,before it spreadsin Western societiesin general.

To the American Academyof Dermatologydistinguish between5 typesof tattoos, they are: Tattoowoundedalso calledtattoonatural, which results fromthe wounds andinjuries,especially those related toasphaltwhen theinjuryon the roadsor woundsbypencil,tattooamateurtattooprofessional, either through traditional methodsor by moderntattoo machines, tattooaestheticalsoknownaspermanentmakeupandmedicaltattoo

Tattoo wounded

 

 



Or naturaltattoo. AccordingtoGeorgeOrwell, coal minerscan geta tattoodistinctivebecauseofthecoal dustthatentersthewounds. Some canalso causematerialssuch asgunpowder.Tattoowoundedpossibleto get toowhenrubbedcementwound, woundheremeansthat you getasaresultofanaccidenton the roadasphaltorothersimilarinjury. Difficult to removethis typeof tattoo,because theytend to spreadacross multiplelayers oftheskin, andleaveascaralmostinescapable.

 

 

 

 

 

 



Also, possiblegettattooswoundedonthe gumswhentransplantingmixmoleculeswhich is used indental fillings, butfor that to happenveryrarely. Acommonexampleforthistypeofcrosstattoo, is the result ofanappealintentional or unintentionalpencilorinkpen, where the leavesgraphite orinkundertheskin.

 

 

 

 

Tattoo amateurandprofessionaltattoos

Is to differentiatebetween thetattooamateurtattoosprofessional, which is thatthe firstof anytattoohobbyistsaredrawnbythe same personora friend, while the tattooprofessionaltracesbytechniciansin tattoos, and features clearlydrawnandunity,andis injectedinkbya special machinecalledTattoo Gun,andink colorsmanyusedred andblue, yellow andgreen.

Many tattoosarearite oflife(such as marriage, agingand death), signs and ranks,and symbols ofreligious andspiritual,and to expresscourage, and excitingsexual andpledges oflove,and forpunishment, amulets and talismans, protection, andas a sign ofoutcasts, slaves and convicts. Symbolismandimpactoftattoosvariesin differentplacesandcultures.Thetattooisplacedto expresstattoonearhisneighbor(usually the mother or fatherorson or daughter), or toapersonwhoisnotarelative.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Identification

 


People were beingforciblytattooedonthebody. awell knownexampleoftheidentificationsystem, prisonersinNazi concentration campsduring the Holocaust.Tattooshavebeenusedduring this periodfor other purposesof identification.

 

 



For example, in the era oftheRomanEmpire, it was legallyrequiredofRomansoldiersputcertaintattooson their handsto be difficult tohidethetattoointheeventofcrackingorflee.As well asgladiatorsandslaves, slaves whoare exportedHolatattooon themthewords"tax paid", as well as a common practiceon theslaves, tattoos ontheirforeheadswords"Oagafona, I amafugitive." EmperorConstantineIbantattooonthefacein330AD. Prohibition of"Council ofNicaeaII" allthesignsofthebodyasa paganpracticesand that in787AD....The Latin wordfortattoois"Stigma"and means "stigma."

 

 

 

 

 

 

In thebeginningofthe period ofcontactbetweenMaoriandEuropeans, werecatchingthe Maori peopleoffortattooAlmukowheretheir headsarecutand bring themas souvenirsfrom the New World. TattooAlmukotattoowasplacedfaceforboth men and womento denote theproportions andthe socialsituationandthesituationwithin the tribe. The art of tattooingwasasacredsignof identitybetweentheMaoriandalsoreferredtattooedas a wayto save theprohibitions oftheperson(taboo), orbeingaspiritualthinginlife after death.

Tattoo sometimesusedbyforensicscientiststo help them identifyburns, sepsisandmutilated corpses.

For centuries sailorsunderwentatattoofor the purpose ofrecognitionoftheiridentityincaseofdrowning. In this way thebodies wererecoveredfromtheseacan be identifiedand the possibility ofcontactwiththefamiliesand friends oftheownersofthebodiesbefore burial. SoheworkedTattoosmakersina lot ofcasesin ports,where many of thepotential customers.
The tattooisplacedonanimalsas well, whichare usually notfor cosmetic reasons.Petsandanimalsoffers andhorsesThoroberidandlivestock,thetattooisplacedon them togettoknowthem. Oftenplacedtattoo ondogs andcatsandisin the form ofaserialnumber(usuallyintheearorinnerthigh) which can be throughthesenumbersto identify theowners.

 

 



Mode isalsoa tattoo onanimalstopreventsunburn(if placedon the nose). Are oftenputthis typeoftattooby a veterinarian, andinmostcasesthe animalsareanesthetizedduring the process.Usingthe process of burningtheskinofananimallogo ora certain brand, but this processis oftenperformedwithoutanesthesia,astheydifferfromwhere thetattoois not insertedanyinkordyeduring the process. For centuries sailorsunderwentatattoofor the purpose ofrecognitionoftheiridentityincaseofdrowning. In this way thebodies wererecoveredfromtheseacan be identifiedand the possibility ofcontactwiththefamiliesand friends oftheownersofthebodiesbefore burial. SoheworkedTattoosmakersina lot ofcasesin ports,where many of thepotential customers.

 

 



The tattooisplacedonanimalsas well, whichare usually notfor cosmetic reasons.Petsandanimalsoffers andhorsesThoroberidandlivestock,thetattooisplacedon them togettoknowthem. Oftenplacedtattoo ondogs andcatsandisin the form ofaserialnumber(usuallyintheearorinnerthigh) which can be throughthesenumbersto identify theowners.

Mode isalsoa tattoo onanimalstopreventsunburn(if placedon the nose). Are oftenputthis typeoftattooby a veterinarian, andinmostcasesthe animalsareanesthetizedduring the process.Usingthe process of burningtheskinofananimallogo ora certain brand, but this processis oftenperformedwithoutanesthesia,astheydifferfromwhere thetattoois not insertedanyinkordyeduring the process.

 

 

 

Cosmetic tattoos
Technique istheuseofcosmetictattooingasaformofcosmetics, including permanentmakeupandhidingdefectsandneutralizeorchangethecolorofthe skin.Permanentmake-upis the use oftattoostoenhanceeyebrows, lips(the demarcationoflipsorredlipspermanently)and eyes(the demarcation of theeyes), and evenmoles,usesnaturalcolorsandnotvague.

 

 

Medical tattoos

Medical tattoosusedtodetermine whereintheradiation therapythatrelies onrepeatthetreatmentatthesameplacemore than once,andis usedtodrawahalosurroundingthe nippleasaformofbreast reconstruction. Tattooisalsousedfor the development ofmedicalinformationfortattoosholder(such asblood group, medical condition..).Tattooisusedforcoloringtheaffectedskinwithvitiligoandskinpigmentationdisorders.

 

Proliferation
Tattoo witnessed a surge in popularity in many parts of the world, especially in North and South America, Japan and Europe. Growth in tattoo culture has seen an influx of new artists into the industry, and a lot of them have technical experience and good training on the Fine Arts. And added to the progress in tattoo pigments industry and the continuous improvement of the equipment used in tattoos, has led to improved quality of tattoo that is produced.

 

 


During the first decade of the century atheist twenty, he became a tattoo evident in popular culture, also appeared television programs inspiring as a "Inked" presented to the network "A & E" television, and the program "Miami Ink" and the "LA Ink" who have been articles on the channel " TLC ". The blues singer Janis Joplin decorate her body put a tattoo on the wrist and another on her left breast on a small heart-shaped, so that was a defining moment in the popular acceptance of tattoos like (art). Become attention official in the art of tattooing prominently in the nineties of the last century and the beginning of the century atheist Twenty, has emerged tattoo like the art in exhibitions of contemporary art and institutions of the visual arts through the display (for example) a glimpse of tattoos, search and scan in the work of artists, tattoos and so on. One of those exhibitions "Freaks & Flash" in Chicago in 2009, who introduced the historical examples of physical art and artists who have done.

 

 


Become a tattoo fashion and hobby among celebrities, for example, football star World David Beckham was in 1999 put a tattoo on behalf of his son "Brooklyn" on the bottom of the back, and then he put the tattoo guardian angel on his back, and in 2000 he put his wife's name in Hindi with misspellings on his left arm, followed by the more than 15 different tattoo over his body

 

 

.Proliferation

 


Tattoo witnessed a surge in popularity in many parts of the world, especially in North and South America, Japan and Europe. Growth in tattoo culture has seen an influx of new artists into the industry, and a lot of them have technical experience and good training on the Fine Arts. And added to the progress in tattoo pigments industry and the continuous improvement of the equipment used in tattoos, has led to improved quality of tattoo that is produced.
During the first decade of the century atheist twenty, he became a tattoo evident in popular culture, also appeared television programs inspiring as a "Inked" presented to the network "A & E" television, and the program "Miami Ink" and the "LA Ink" who have been articles on the channel " TLC ". The blues singer Janis Joplin decorate her body put a tattoo on the wrist and another on her left breast on a small heart-shaped, so that was a defining moment in the popular acceptance of tattoos like (art). Become attention official in the art of tattooing prominently in the nineties of the last century and the beginning of the century atheist Twenty, has emerged tattoo like the art in exhibitions of contemporary art and institutions of the visual arts through the display (for example) a glimpse of tattoos, search and scan in the work of artists, tattoos and so on. One of those exhibitions "Freaks & Flash" in Chicago in 2009, who introduced the historical examples of physical art and artists who have done.
Become a tattoo fashion and hobby among celebrities, for example, football star World David Beckham was in 1999 put a tattoo on behalf of his son "Brooklyn" on the bottom of the back, and then he put the tattoo guardian angel on his back, and in 2000 he put his wife's name in Hindi with misspellings on his left arm, followed by the more than 15 different tattoo over his body.

 

 

Conducted numerousstudiesonpeopleMohomnandsociety's perceptionofthetattoo.InJune 2006published theJournaloftheAmericanAcademyof Dermatologytheresultsofa telephonesurveytook placein2004, whichfoundthatpeoplewho havetattoosare the36% of Americansaged18-29and24% for thoseaged30-40and15% for those whoarebetweentheagesof41-51. [15] in September/September2006PewCenterconducteda telephonesurveyofstudiesshowthat36% of Americansaged18-25and40% betweentheagesof26-40and10%betweentheagesof41-64tohave atattooandat least one.inJanuary 2008survey was conductedvia the Internetby the Center forHarrisinteractive, where estimated that14%of all adultsin the United Stateshave atattoo, just slightly down from2003, whenthe ratio wasan estimated16%.Age groupsforthis survey,which has atattooandatleastoneis9% betweentheagesof18-24and32%betweentheagesof25-29and25%betweentheagesof30-39and12%betweentheagesof40-49and8%betweentheagesof50-64.Men have alittle more than adesireof womento getatattoo(15% vs.13%).

 

 

 

Guerrilla groups andnegative
In Japan, tattoossignificantlylinkedwithorganized crimeorganizationsknown as theYakuza, where thetattoois doneon the entire bodyandtraditionalJapanese-style"Tebori".TheopenlymanyJapanesepublicbaths(Sentō)and gymsprevent the entry ofthose who holdlarge orTattoosplanninginanattempttopreventYakuzafromentering. Governmentbannedthe"Meiji" Japanese Tattooin the nineteenth century, the banremainedfor 70 yearsuntilits cancellationin1948.

In the United States, many of the prisoners and criminal gangs use the tattoos featured a reference to the facts about their criminal behavior and prison sentences and belonging organizational structure. For example, a tattoo on the teardrop shape can be a symbol of murder, each tear representing the death of a friend.at the same time, members of the U.S. armed forces have a long history in the tattoo so that they point to the military units, battles and killings and so on, these links are still widespread among older Americans. Tattoo is also common in the British armed forces.

Use as tattoos on the hands of the Nazi regime in Nazi concentration camps as a sign of prisoners.

 

Tattoo includesthestatusofpigmentintheskindermis, andthislayerofskintissue(dermis) is locatedunder the skin.After thefirstinjection processis distributedacross thepigmentlayerhomogeneityof theaffectedupperepidermisanddermis, both when there areexotic materialsmacrophageactivatesthe immune system toengulfthepigmentparticles. Theworkof hospitalization, thedamagedskinpeeltoremovethesurfacelayerofdyewhilegranulation tissueformedintheinnermostlayer oftheskin, which laterturnintothe connective tissuecollagen growth. Thisfittheupperdermis, wherepigmentremainsconfined within thefibroblasts, ultimately concentratedonly in thepigmentlayerunderthelimitsdermis/epidermis.Andastablepresence there, but in the long term(contracts) tendto migrate to thepigmentdeeper intothedermis, itexplainsthelowresolutionanddetailsoftheoldtattoo.Tattoo includesthestatusofpigmentintheskindermis, andthislayerofskintissue(dermis) is locatedunder the skin.After thefirstinjection processis distributedacross thepigmentlayerhomogeneityof theaffectedupperepidermisanddermis, both when there areexotic materialsmacrophageactivatesthe immune system toengulfthepigmentparticles. Theworkof hospitalization,

 

 

thedamagedskinpeeltoremovethesurfacelayerofdyewhilegranulation tissueformedintheinnermostlayer oftheskin, which laterturnintothe connective tissuecollagen growth. Thisfittheupperdermis, wherepigmentremainsconfined within thefibroblasts, ultimately concentratedonly in thepigmentlayerunderthelimitsdermis/epidermis.Andastablepresence there, but in the long term(contracts) tendto migrate to thepigmentdeeper intothedermis, itexplainsthelowresolutionanddetailsoftheoldtattoo.

 

 

 

In somecommunities, tribaltattoosarecreatedby cuttingor cutdesignsintotheskinand thenrubthewoundresulting from thiscuttinginink, ashesorother materials.Some communitiesarecreatedby introducing atattooink insideskindimplingmanualusestickswithsharpheadersoranimal bones.Traditional Japanesetattoo(Horimono)methodstillused"Prods manual", which is the introduction ofinkundertheskinin the use ofnon-electrical means, anyuseofthehandand hand toolssuchasneedlesmade​​ofbamboowhetstoneorwhetstonesteel. Thiswayyouknowthe name"Tebori"

Became and Shum Hawaii in traditional manual dimpling experiencing a renaissance, after it had been virtually dormant in the years after contact in the West. The process involves prayers and long protocols and is considered a sacred rite rather than apply to works of art. , Based on the information in the pedigree. Each design is a symbol expresses the personal responsibility that a tattoo on her body and its role in society. Tools consist of engraved hand-made from bones or fangs and without the use of metals.
The most common method of tattooing in modern times is the electric tattoo machine, which include ink into the skin through a single needle or a group of needles conjunctivitis on the rod, the penis is connected to wiggle. This unit leads to needles inside and outside of the skin and speed frequently, usually from 80 to 150 times per second. This procedure is usually healthy and clean. Needles needles are of use for once .. wrapped individually. The tattoo artist should not only wash his hands, but he must also be a wash area that will put tattoos on it. The gloves should be worn throughout the tattoo process, and should wipe the wound caused by tattoos frequently with a wet towel of a certain type, which are disposed of immediately after the operation. Equipment should be sterilized in autoclaves and reliable before and after each use

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

» إضافة تعليق :

لكي تتمكن من التعليق يجب عليك تسجيل الدخول
البريد الالكتروني
كلمة السر  
او يمكنك الدخول والتعليق عن طريق فيسبوك او تويتر
 انشر التعليق على حائطي في فيسبوك او على صفحتي بتويتر
علق مع فيسبوك       الدخول عن طريق تويتر
او يمكنك التعليق بإستخادم اسم مستعار
اسمك المستعار:
آضف تعليق