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Cubism:Picasso //qusay tariq

بواسطة: قصي طارق qusay tariq  |  بتاريخ: 2013-04-09 ، الوقت: 15:13:51
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Cubism is the direction of school technician appeared in France at the beginning of this century

Twenty-take of geometric shapes as a basis for building if the artwork

This school to believe the theory of mineral crystallization, which is engineering

Assets of objects.

Stages of the Cubist school:

The beginning of this stage movement initiated by the artist Cezanne between 1907 and 1909, and is considered the first phase of Cubism.

The second phase is the phase analytical cubism, and are intended to analyze the shapes in nature and rebuilt in a new way this stage has begun between 1910 and 1912, as analyzed artist forms accurately, and showed parts forms a cubist style.

The third stage is the standard configuration, which began between 1913 and 1914 and focused on drawing and the subject of a coherent and clearly defined through the lines of cubism.

Cubism style features

Adopted Cubism line engineering basis for each shape as we use

Vnanoha straight line and a curved line, was the way in which the cylindrical

Or spherical, as well as the back of the box flat and geometric shapes in the spaces that surround the subject, and a variety of geometric shapes spaces depending on the variety of lines and shapes and different trends. For this, the Cubism focused on the idea of ​​looking at things through the objects of engineering and special cube, she says the idea of ​​truth full that takes perfection and dimensions college, when has six faces, Kalmkaab completely Reaching this goal can only be achieved by breaking down the exterior and the visual image

 

 

 

Timeline of school Cubism

The objective of Cubism does not focus on things, but on the forms

Independent identified with strict geometric lines, has think Altkaaabion they have made things visual reality art form. And artist Pablo Picasso is one of the most important theorists and artists Cubism.

The most important artists of Cubism

The artists Pablo Picasso months of this school, as well as artist Georges Braque and strips and Jacques Fillon, Sthan, Duchamp.

About the life of artist Pablo Picasso:

 

Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter (25

October 1881-8 April 1973) of the world's most famous painters. Born in the city of Malaga (Spain), and since its inception it has launched several names, including (Pablo Diego) and (Francesco Paola), did not keep these names only name (Pablo).

 

 

The name (Picasso) took him from his mother's name (Maria Picasso), and his father was called (Jose Ruiz Blasco), and he is a professor of painting and photography, and a specialist in drawing birds and nature.

Noon genius (Pablo) at an early age, and started painting under the supervision of his father and his mother, when he was seven years old, learning from his mother various fees and oil painting. At the age of thirteen he Pablo supplement fee for swimming began his father drew and then left was complemented and then joined directly Institute of Fine Arts and passed the examination difficult to be held for applicants for admission to the institute, and completed after his Academy (San Fernando) for the Arts, then decided after that his father sent to London to learn the art of British artists; but on the way to London stops in Paris in 1900 and then settled permanently in 1904 and settled to begin his artistic journey. He saw women from another perspective, he was seen as a mixture of shapes and colors, and was greatly impressed. Picasso married twice and has 4 boys and 3 girls. He died the eighth of April 1973, after over ninety years.

 

Pablo Picasso (Spanish: Pablo Ruiz Picasso, born on October 25, 1881, Malaga, Spain - died on April 8, 1973, Mougins, France) painter, sculptor, painter Spanish and a famous artists of the twentieth century and attributed to him is credited with founding the movement cubism in art.

Born Pablo Picasso in 1881 in Malaga in southern Spain for a family of moderate means, and was Pablo is the first child where, his mother was named Maria Picasso (a name made famous by Pablo later), and his father is artist Jose Ruiz, who was a professor of painting and photography in a drawing school and was also secretary of the local museum, has specialized in drawing birds and nature, and grandparents Ruiz of the aristocracy to some extent.

Pablo showed his passion and his skill in drawing from an early age, and his mother says that one of the first words that pronounce Pablo was concerned with "pencil." At the age of seven Pablo received at the hands of his father formally trained in drawing and painting, and Ruiz was a traditional artist and professor academically making him believe that the ideal training depends on copies Anizbt, and draw human bodies from live models. Thus Pablo became preoccupied with drawing at the expense of his studies. In 1891 the family moved to La Coruna where the father became a professor at the Faculty of Fine Arts, where they stayed for nearly four years. On one occasion he Pablo at the age of thirteen to complete drawing a sketches that did not father had finished them after the painting was for the dove, and when examining the father Technology son in drawing hair that his son may outweigh him, and announced at the time to give up painting despite the presence of paintings him later.

 

 

In 1895 was Pablo severe shock after the death of his younger sister, seven-year after being infected with diphtheria, and after her death the family moved back to Barcelona, ​​where he worked father there professor Academy of Fine Arts, and began Pablo prosper again with keeping him sadness and homesickness real .

Persuaded Father officials at the academy to allow his son to progress in the entrance exam for the advanced level, and this was exam takes mostly months but Picasso completed in one week, which won admiration of the jury Bbicasso who was thirteen years old at the time. The Picasso lacked discipline but he was able to have many friendships that have influenced his life later.

His father rented a small room to him beside the house where Picasso could work alone, and his father was visited by several times a day and scanned drawings, and discuss with him on some things sometimes. Then decided to Picasso's father and uncle sent to the Royal Academy of Madrid in San Fernando, which is the most important drawing academy in the country.

In sixteen years of age, Picasso began to stay in the city at its own expense for the first time, however, and after scoring in the academy began hates the formal education system and began to leave the lectures. And despite the fact that Madrid had many attractions, such as the Prado Museum, which includes works by Diego Villazquit, Francisco Goya, and Sorbaran Francesco But Picasso admired private work artist El Greco (Greek origin) where striking colors, and the parties outstretched, and features mysterious, and that influenced by Picasso and appeared in his work thereafter.

Although many of his works, which came against the war, but that Picasso had taken a neutral stance towards all of the First World War, the Spanish Civil War, and the Second World War refusing to join the Armed Forces to any party or country. At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1937 Picasso was in his late fifties, and therefore was older in the Second World War, can not be expected to carry a weapon or participate in the war. Spanish citizen living in France, Picasso was living under duress fighting against the German invaders in each of the two world wars.

In the Spanish Civil War was the Spaniards living abroad an opportunity if they wish to return voluntarily to their country to participate in the war with any of the sides. Although Picasso expression of anger and condemnation of the Francsescu Franco and fascists through his work, but he did not raise a weapon against them. It also stayed away from the movement independence Ketalnah through his youth in spite of general support and friendship for some activists. In 1944 Picasso joined the French Communist Party, attended an international peace conference in Poland, and in 1950 received the Stalin Peace Prize from the Soviet republic. But criticism of the party and of people Stalin led to the lukewarm interest in Picasso's Communist Party, though stay a loyal member of the party until his death.

In an interview with Jerome Sichaelr Picasso said: "I and my paintings communist communist, but I if you're a cobbler, a royal you or a communist or anything else, I will not knock on my shoes somehow Ki showed my policy." However, the hardline Communist, in addition to the common denominators that were collected by many intellectuals and artists in this period despite being banned officially by Spain Franco (a period of Spanish history from 1936 to 1975 was the Spain under the control of dictatorial rule totalitarian to Francisco Franco), was controversial about Picasso for a considerable period of time. There are several sources of figures that have pointed to the relationship between Picasso somewhat strained Catalan Spanish artist Salvador Dali.

In the late forties was a friend of Picasso old, a Surrealist poet André Breton, who was Trotskyist and anti-Stalinist, was more explicit when he refused to shake hands with Picasso, saying to him: "I do not agree on joining the Communist Party nor on your support to movements purge intellectuals after liberation." 1962 Picasso got the Lenin Prize for Peace, and sees biographer and art critic John Berger Picasso talents had been wasted by the communists. During interviews with Jean Cocteau, Picasso had pointed to الشيوعين saying: "I joined the family, like the rest of the family, full of disgusted and obscenity." Picasso was against the intervention of the United Nations and the United States of America in the Korean War, has filmed the massacres in his portrait Korea "massacre Korea" in 1951


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